Chapter 14 SB II Units 5 - 6
1. ... to see it as it really is: a nation of different countries
held together by a common language and culture.
2. There are six spoken languages that are considered to
be native to the British Isles as well as two local accents.
3. Mobile phones stop teenagers from spending money on
clothes or cigarettes.
4. They realize that it is of great value to record and teach
them to the younger generation.
5. To ensure safety, the train is controlled by an advanced
6. With a better understanding of the human body,.
scientists and physicians will be able to cure more diseases.
7. It + (so) happen that ...
8. It doesn't matter / make no difference that ...
1. state / country n. 国家
2. narrow adj. 狭窄的
3. goods n. 货物
4. form v. 形成；组成
5. influence vt.& n. 影响
6. conquer vt. 征服
7. cure vt. 治愈，治疗
8. union n. 联合
9. judge n. & v. 法官，裁判；判断
10. cigarette n. 香烟
11. proof n. 证据
12. employ vt. 雇用
13. approach vt. & n. 接近；途径，方法
14. exact adj. 精确的
15. trend n. 趋势，走向；倾向
16. contemporary adj. 当代的
17. ensure vt. 担保，确保
18. imitate vt. 模仿
19. system n. 系统，体制
20. reform vt. & n. 改革
21. require v. 要求
22. indicate vt. 表明，预示
23. consumer n. 消费者，用户
24. Fegular adj. 定期的，有规律的
25. programme vt. 使按计划工作；把……列入节目单
1. consist of 由……组成
2. a good understanding of 非常理解
3. makethemost of 充分利用
4. run over 压过 / 驶过
5. hold together 团结一致
6. stand for代表
7. on the basis of 以……为基础
8. has apopulation of 有……人口
9. reach agreement on 就……达成协议
10. in general 大体上，一般地说
11. at a top / full speed of 以最大／最快速度
12. be concerned about 关心
13. clean up 收拾干净
14. be amazed at 对……感到惊讶
15. keep sb. company 陪伴某人
16. keep in touch with 与……保持联系
17. catch a glimpse of 瞥见
18. deal with 处理，安排
1. consist ____ 由……组成；南……构成
2. be made ____ of 由……组成
3. ____ the most of 充分利用；充分展示
4. hold ____ (使)连在一起；(使)团结一致
5. ____ general一般地；大体上
6. keep ____ touch with 与……保持联系
7. pay attention ____ 注意；留意
8. deal ____ 处理；安排
9. ____ store 贮藏着；准备着；即将发生，就要来到
10. ____ one point 在某处
11. (be) ____ great value非常有价值
12. spread ____ 展开
13. ____ for 代表
14. run ____ 在……驶过；把……匆匆过一遍；溢
15. neither...____... 既不……又不……
16. as ____ as 远达……
17. ____ doubt毫无疑问地
18. ____ usual 像通常一样
19. ____ to 导致
20. ____ a glimpse of 看一眼
1. Yes, I agree with you.
2. Yes, I think so.
3. It's a good idea to...
4．Don’t you think that?
5. I don't think that is right...
6. I don't think so.
7. You must be mistaken...
8. I'm afraid you are wrong...
9. You are wrong thinking that...
10. I believe that you have got it right.
① have / win / get / gain the / an advantage of / over
② (be) to one's advantage / disadvantage 对……有利／
③ take advantage of = make one's advantage of 乘机利
【考例1】[2005 南京模拟] British students only have a
language ____ for jobs in the USA and Australia.
A. chance B. ability
C. possibility D. advantage
[答案与解析]D 本句的language advantage的意思
2. advantage n. 优势，优点
[词组] take advantage of 利用
Boys have more advantages over girls in finding jobs.
You must take full advantage of the unloaded
① disagree v. 不同意；不一致
② agreement n.
1. [U] 同意，一致
2. [C] 协定，协议
disagreement n. 意见不同
① agree on sth (双方)商定某事；决定某事；在某方面达
② agree to sth (plan, suggestion, idea, arrangement)
③ sign / break an / the / one's agreement 签署／撕毁协
④ reach / arrive at / come to an agreement (with sb)
① (quite) agree with sb (on / about sth) agree with
(one's opinion / view / what clause) (在某方面)赞
② sth agree with sb 适合(某人)；适应(某人)
③ sth agree with sth... 与……一致／相符
④ agree to do sth 同意做某事
⑤ agree that clause 认为；认同
⑥ agree to one's doing sth = agree to let sb do sth 同意
⑦ sth be agreed 大家都同意
⑧ It's generally agreed that... 人们普遍认为……
⑨ (be)in agreement with sb (about sth) / what sb said
⑩ (be) in agreement with sb. (on this / that point) (在
▲ 友情提示：英语中绝不能使用agree sb to do sth 句
【考例6】(1999上海) The manager has ____ to im—
prove the working conditions in the company.
A. accepted B. allowed
C. permitted D. agreed
或sb. to do；accept一般接名词或代词作宾语；而agree
8. cheat vt. vi. 欺骗，作弊 n. 骗子
常用结构：cheat sth. (out) of sb. 骗某人东西
The beggar cheated money of the old lady at the
It's wrong to cheat in exams.
注：作名词时通常用 cheat，也可以用 cheater。
He is nothing but a cheat.
① employer n. 雇主；老板
② employee n. 雇员；雇丁
③ employment n. 雇用；就业；工作；职业
④ unemployment n. 失业；失业状态
▲ 搭配：be employed in 从事，忙于
① employ sb (主动) → sb be employed (被动)
② employ sb as + 职业／in 或 at + 地点(主动)
→ sb be employed as + 职业 ／ in 或 at + 地点 (被动，
③ employ sb to do sth (主动) → sb be employed to do
④ be employed in doing sth / on sth... 忙于干某事．从
⑤ employ oneself in doing sth / on sth 忙于干某事，从
⑥ employ one's spare / free / much time in doing sth.
▲辨析：employ; engage; hire; let; rent; take on
的场合。如：rent a house，a flat，a TV等；hire多指临
时租用某物。如：hire a boat，a car，a camera，a bicy—
cle，an evening dress，a hall for a meeting等，指人时，
hire在美国英语中可用来指“雇用(give a job to)”。Iet
The firm employs the retired professor as an adviser. 这
The foreign teachers were engaged from Canada. 这些
Our school hired the local theatre for its annual con—
Have you any rooms to let? 你有房间出租吗?
She lets the cottage to holiday-makers in the summer.
Our house has been rented by a newly-married couple.
Boats are let / rent out in the park for 20 yuan per
We have decided to take on a new clerk in the accounts
▲ 友情提示：英语中“雇用”的其他表达法：take on；
hire；have sb doing sth；rent (租用)；use (借用)；“解
雇；开除”的表达法：fire；dismiss；turn / send away；
-- How long ____ at this job?
-- Since 1990.
A. were you employed
B. have you been employed
C. had you been employed
D. will you be employed
[答案与解析]B 从问句中的how long和回答中的
6. employ vt. 雇用，使用
The farmer employed more workers at harvest time.
It's important to employ words in writing poem.
They were employed in writing when I came.
注：要弄清 employ 几个名词的用法：employee (雇工，
雇员)，employer (户主，东家)，employment (就业，雇
① energetic adj. 精力充沛的，需要精力去做的
② energetically adv. 精力充沛地
① save one's energy for 为……而保存精力
② be full of energies 精力充沛，精力旺盛
③ devote one's energy to (doing) sth 致力于
④ concentrate one's energy on 集中精力在……上
【考例4】[NMET 1996]Many countries are increasing
their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of ____.
A. energy B. source
C. power D. material
[考查目标] 本题考查 energy 及其近义词的区别。
[答案与解析]A natural gas和wind属于energy范
① as a matter of fact
② in (actual) fact
③ in point of fact
④ The fact (of the matter) is (that)...
⑤ It's a fact that...
【考例7】(2004浙江) The winter of 1990 was extremely
bad, ____ most people say it was the worst winter
of their lives.
A. At last B. In fact
C. In a word D. As a result
[答案与解析]B at last 表示“最后”；in fact 表示“事
实上”；in a word 表示“总而言之”；as a result表示“结
① formation n. 形成；组成
② formal adj. 形式上的；正式的
③ informal adj. 非正式的
① form in line 站好队；排成纵队
② in the form of 以……形式
③ fill in / out the form 填表格
④ be in / out of form 处于良好(不好)的竞技状态
⑤ in form 形式上
【考例2】(2004全国卷III) Reading is an experience
quite different from watching TV; There are pictures
____ in your mind instead of before your eyes.
A. to form B. form
C. forming D. having formed
[答案与解析]C There be 句型后面经常接动词-ing
形式表示该名词 pictures 与 in your mind 的关系是主
3. form vt. & vi. 组成；形成 n. [C][U]形式；表
[词组] in the form of 以……的形式
fiIl in / out forms 填写表格
take the form of 采取……的形式
in good form 竞技状态良好
form the habit of 形成……的习惯
Form good habits while you are young.
4. influence n. [C][U] 影响(力)，感化(力) [U] 势
力，权力 vt. 对……有影响；感化
A teacher has great influence over his pupil.
Heredity and environment are influences on character.
5. judge v. 判断，判决 n. 法官，裁判
Don't judge a person by his appearance.
Judging from his skin，he is from Africa.
Who will act as iudge in the final match?
He is a man without judgment.
① remainder n. 剩下的(东西、人)
② remaining adj. 剩下的
③ remains n. 剩余物；遗址；废墟
① remain + n. / adv. / adj./ 分词 / prep. phrase 仍……
② remain to do / to be done 有待于……(remain to be
seen / found 尚待分晓，有待于进一步观看，拭目以
③ There remain(s)... 只剩下……；只留下……
【考例5】[NMET 2002] Having a trip abroad is certainly
good for the old couple, but it remains ____
whether they will enjoy it.
A. to see B. to be seen
C. seeing D. seen
[考查目标] remain 的基本用法。
[答案与解析]B remain 既是系动词，有时又作实义动
7. remain vi. 仍然，留下
She remains weak after a year of rest.
He will not remain alone at home.
9. require vt. 需要，要求
I require supper earlier today.
She required that we (should) call her up soon.
The documents require taking good care of.
= The document requires to be taken care of.
注：sth. require doing 以主动形式表示被动意义，相
当于sth. require to be done。
1. state [C] n. 状态，国家，(美国等国)州
Water has three states: solid, liquid and gas.
Everything was in a state of order.
I stated my views at the meeting.
The government issued an official statement.
(fact, advantage, remain, employ, agree, surprise,
1. It is generally ____ that taking drugs is very
2. What ____ me most was that a girl of only six
could play the violin so well.
3. After finishing his college education. Susan ____
in a big company as a secretary.
4. This method has the ____ of saving a lot of fuel.
5. Although he has taken a lot of medicine, his health
6. It is a ____ that English is being accepted as an
7. Have a good rest; you need to save your ___
for the tennis match this a|ternoon.
8. A plan began to ____ in his mind.
【考点5】clear up 和clean up
① clear up 整理；消除；澄清；放晴
② clean up 彻底打扫；清理干净
[例句] Would you clean up this room before our visitors
She WOUld like to have a talk with her classmate to clear
up their misunderstanding. 他想和同学交谈以解除他们
There are some points I'd like to clear up. 有几点我要
【考例5】On his mother's arrival，the crying boy's face
A. cleared up B. clearled up
C. was lit up D. reflected up
[答案与解析]A light up此处不用被动态。D不合
【考点l】与 consist 有关的短语
① consist of 由……组成 (= be made up of)
② consist in 在于
[例句] The club consists of more than 200 members. 俱
The beauty oF the village consists in its clean air and
peaceful environment. 这个村庄的美丽之处在于它清洁
▲ 友情提示：consist of 不用于被动语态。
【考例1】The opening province which ____ thirteen
counties and three coastal cities will quicken its paces of
A. consists of B. makes up
C. is included D. is contained
[答案与解析]A B应该使用被动结构．即：is made
10. deal with 处理，对付
How can I deal with the problem?
(相当于：What can I do with the problem?)
Deal with aman as he deals with you.
deal with 也可译作“与……有生意来往”。
We have dealt with the finn for many years.
have / keep / hold...in store 储藏着；准备着；将发生的
[例句] Nobody knows what the future may hold in
There was a big surprise in store. 有一个大惊奇在等着
【考例4】There was another accident ____ for him
A. in the way B. in store
C. in effect D. in case
[答案与解析]B in the way 挡路。in effect 事实上。
in case 万一，以防。
【考点2】与 point 有关的短语
① at the point 在某处；一度
② to the point 切中要点
③ off the point 离题
④ be on the point of doing sth when... 正要做某事……
⑤ There's no point (in) doing sth 做某事没有意义
⑥ point at / to 指向
⑦ point out 指出
[例句] At one point at the meeting the manager nearly
lost his temper. 会上经理一度几乎大发脾气。
His remarks on the matter were much to the point. 他就
The boy was on the point of going to bed when the tele—
phone rang. 这孩子正要上床睡觉这时电话响了。
There's very little point in arguing further. 再争论下去
【考例2】The peaks flue so close to each other that the
distance between them ____ is 5 meters.
A. to the point B. at one point
C. at the point D. On the point
【考点3】“动词 + 名词 + 介词”短语
① make the most of = make the best of = make full use
② pay attention to 注意
③ take care of 照看；照顾
④ take notice of 注意
⑤ make notes of 纪录
[例句]The most must be made of these natural re—
sources to develop the economy of the country. 要充分
Our attention should be paid to water pollution. 我们应
【考例 3】Has the boy who was made use of ____
realized his mistakes?
A. stealing B. to steal
C. for stealing D. stolen
目的状语，即：makeuse of...to do sth。句中的of有宾
1. Education does not consist simply ____ learning
a lot of facts.
A. in B. with C. of D. for
2. The boy received low marks for his essay, as much of
it was ____ the point.
A. to B. at C. on D. off
3. The ____ should be made of the working time
A. most; to increase
B. use; increasing
C. best; and be increased
D. full; for increasing
4. The electricity was cut off because of the storm.
luckily we had plenty of candles ____ store.
A. with B. at C. for D. in
5. It was still rainy this morning but now it has
A. cleaned up B. cleared up
C. cleaned away D. clcared away
1. pleasant, pleasing, pleased
(1) pleasant 可作定语和表语。修饰事物，不能修饰
I hope you'll have a pleasant holiday.
(2) pleasing “令人高兴的，令人愉快的”，表示宁静、
传递主观感受。比 pleasant 稍弱。主语可为人或事
An actor should have a pleasing personality.
(3) pleased “高兴的，感到满意的”含义与glad基本相
示事物的词语。be pleased with 表示“对……表示满
She had a pleased look 0n his face.
2. be made up of, be made of, be made from, be made
(1) be made up of 由……组成。
The United States is made up of fifty states.
(2) be made of 由……制成 (成品看得出原料)。
The table ismade of wood.
(3) be made from 由……制成(成品看不出原料)。
This kind of paper is made from wood.
(4) be made into 由(原料)……制成(成品)。
The bamboo can be made into many useful things.
3. lay, lie
(1) lay 常用作及物动词，意为“放置，铺设；产(卵)；
She laid the paper on my desk.
The workers are laying down a cable.
(2) lie 作不及物动词。其基本含义是：躺；卧；位于，
是不规则动词。其变化为：lay, lain, lying。
The hospital lay where a school is located.
规则动词。其变化为：lied, lied, lying。
"He is lying," said the girl angrily, lying on the hay.
4. in time, on time
(1) in time 除了译作“及时”，还可译作“最终”或“总
Her helping me in time saved me plenty of time.
(2) on time，意为“准时”
Everyone is requiredtobe present atthe party on time.
time 组成的词组已学过的还有: at a time (一次), in
no time (立刻), at that (the) time(那时), at times (有
时), at any time (在任何时候)等。
1. ...to see it as it really is: a nation 0f different
countries held together by a coinmon language and
……结果大不列颠 (it) 的现实依然是：一个由共同
as + 主语 + be意为“如同……事实”。
We have to face up to the fact as it is.
The old trees are as they were fifty years ago.
2. Mobile phones stop teenagers from spending money on
clothes or cigarettes.
The accident stopped me (from) arriving on time.
The waste water is stopped from being poured into the
3. They realize that it is 0f great value t0 record and
teach them to the younger generation.
“of + 抽象名词”相当于一个形容词在句中作表语、
定语或补语。“it is of great valHe”相当于“it is
The meeting is of great importance.
The medicine proves (to be) of little help.
she is a girl of strong will.
4. To ensure safety, the train is controlled by an
advanced computer system.
To make himself heard, he raised his voice.
To look after her sick father, she had to ask for a
5. It + (so) happenthat...
It so happened that you were out when I called you.
It happened that I met an old friend of mine in the park
You were happened to be out when...
I happened t0 meet an 0ld mend of mine…
6. It doesn't matter / makes no difference that...
It doesn't matter who will go with me.
It makes no difference whether he will go or not.
【考点1】In the summer months the difference in temper-
ature between London and the north can be as much as
nine degrees. 夏季，伦敦和北方的温差可达9度。
本句中，as much as 的意思是“与……差不多。多达
The difference between his income and mine can be as
much as l,000 yuan at least. 他的收入和我的至少相差
as many as 多达……(表示“数目”上的比较)
as far as 远至……
as long as 长达……
As many as 100,000 people watched the boxing game.
They walked as far as the seashore. 他们走到了海边。
【考例l】(2003上海春招) After supper she would sit
down by the fire, sometimes for ____ an hour,
thinking of her young and happy days.
A. as long as B. as soon as
C. as much as D. as many as
迭一小时”，选项A中的as long as表示“(时间等)长
【考点2】Will people still get sick?人们还会生病吗?
This skirt is getting dirty；it needs washing. 裙子脏了，
Some glasses got broken when we were moving. 有些玻
【考例2】(2002北京) Be careful when you cross this
very busy street. If not, you may ____ run over by
A. have B. get C. become D. turn
【考点3】The idea that England stands for Fish & Chips,
Speakers' Corner, Big Ben and the Tower of London is
The question who should do the work requires consider—
He was tortured by the doubt whether he would accept
their presents. 他为是否接受他们的礼物这个疑虑所折
【考例3】(2001上海) Information has been put forward
____ more middle school graduates will be admit—
ted into universities.
A. while B. that C. when D. as
[答案与解析]B 本题纵观全句可知 information 与同
【考点4】People in the future will be able to enjoy a lon—
ger and healthier life remain active even in old age. 未来
The death of the innkeeper still remained a mystery. 酒
The fact remains to be proved. 事情还有待查实。
【考例4】(NMET 2002) Having a trip abroad is certain-
ly good for the old couple, but it remains ____
whether they will enjoy it.
A. to see B. to be seen
C. seeing D. seen
1. It is generally believed that teaching is _____ it is
a science. (NMET 2001)
A. an art much as
B. much an art as
C. as an art much as
D. as much an art as
2. Our neighbor has ____ ours. (2003 北京)
A. as a big house as
B. as big a house as
C. the same big house as
D. a house the same big as
3. ____ I can see, there is only one possible way to
keep away from the danger. (2004 北京、安徽卷)
A. As long as B. As far as
C. Just as D. Even if
4. -- How are the team playing.'?
-- They're playing well, but one of them ____
hurt. (2002 北京春招)
A. got B. gets C, are D. were
5. Sarah, hurry up. I'm afraid you won't have time to
____ before the party. (NMET 2004)
A. get changed B. get change
C. get changing D; get to change
6. ____ is no possibility ____ Bob can win the
first prize in the match. (上海 2001 )
A. There; that B. It; that
C. There; whether D, It; whether
7. There's a feeling in me ____ we'll never know
what a UFO is -- not ever. (上海 2002)
A. that B. which
C. of which D. what
8. A story goes ____ Elizabeth I of England liked
nothing more than being surrounded by clever and
qualified noblemen at court. (2004 上海)
A. when B. where
C. what D, that
-- Go for a picnic this weekend, OK?
-- ____. I love getting close to nature.
A. I couldn't agree more
B. I'm alraid not
C. I believe not
D. I don't think so
① I'm afraid I can't agree with you.
② That's true / right.
③ I (don't) think so / that's right.
④ No problem.
⑤ I'm not sure about that...
⑥ I believe that you've got it right.
⑦ Surely it might be
⑧ No, you are wrong thinking that... 例如：
Surely it might be possble to learn it from maps. 当然
I think you are wrong thinking that it wilI tike anyone a
short time to learn English, but a long time to learn
-- Will $200 ____?
-- I'm afraid not. We need at least 50 more dollars.
A. count B. satisfy
C. fit D. do
sth will do 是一种比较固定的说法，在口语表达中比较
① Is it OK?
② Is that right?
③ Will it do?
④ What / How about...? 例如：
-- Are two chairs 0K? 两把椅子行了吗?
-- No, not enough. We still need another five. 不，不
-- I am going shopping. Do you think I could borrow
your bike? -- ____.
A. Yes, you could
B. No, you may borrow
C. No, go on
D. Yes, go ahead
言逻辑不对，选项D中的 go ahead 也可改成help
yourself，也可以直接用“Yes, you can”回答。故此题
① Certainly / Sure / Surely / Of course.
② Go ahead, please.
③ You'd better not.
④ Do as you please like. 例如：
-- Can I take a look at your copy of China Daily? 我可以
-- Sure, go ahead, please. 当然可以，请。
1. -- I believe we've met somewhere before.
-- No, ____.
A. I don't think so B. I'd rather not
C. it mustn't be true D. it isn't the same
2. -- Can I give you a lift?
-- ____. I would prefer to walk.
A. Yes, please
B. That's very kind of you
C. I don't need your help
D. No, thanks
3. -- Do you think I could borrow your dictionary?
A. Yes, you may borrow
B. Yes, you could
C. Yes, go on
D. Yes, help yourself
4.-- Would you like me to carry this box upstairs?
-- ____. I can manage myself.
A. No, thanks B. It's my pleasure
C. That would be nice D. Yes, please
5. -- Shall I tell John about it?
-- No, you ____. I've told him already. (NMET
A. needn't B. wouldn't
C. mustn't D. shouldn't
( )1. ____ two exams to worry about, I have to
work really hard this weekend. (2004北京)
A. With B. Besides
C. As for D. Because of
+名词+不定式。Besides和Because of不能用to worry
( )2. If you keep on, you'll succeed ____.
A. in time B. at one time
C. at the same time D. on time
的。” on time意为“准时”，at one time意为“曾经”或(过
( )3. Here's my card. Let's keep in ____.
A. touch B. relation
C. connection D. friendship
【解析】选A keep in touch (with)是一种固定搭配。
( )4. ____ in the regulations that you should not tell
Other people the pa~word 0f your e-mail account.
A. What is required B. What required
C. It is required D. It requires
【解析】选C 用 require 被动式，It为形式主语。
( )5. ____ from other continents for millions of
years, Anstralia has many plants and animals not
found in any other country in the world. (2005
A. Being separated
B. Having separated
C. Haring been separated
D. To be separated
( )6. Hospital staff burst into cheers after doctors
completed a 20-hour operation to have ____
one-year-old twins at the head. (2004上海)
A. isolated B. separated
C. divided D. removed
( )7. Now that she is out of job, Lucy ____ going
back to school, but she hasn't decided yet. (2004
A. had considered B. has been considering
C. considered D. is going to consider
( )8. The manager has fallen asleep where he ____,
without undressing. (2005安徽)
A. was laying B. was lying
C. had laid D. had lied